Amritdhra Organics has been constituted which launched different and innovative agricultural training programs and products which are based on the Vedic Agriculture. The bio-fertilizers and pesticides are made up of cow dung, urine and ghee of desi cows. This is more ecofriendly and harmless to the mother earth. Hence no poison is served on the platter.
From the beginning of civilization, man has been doing farming to cultivate their own food. The techniques that they used were fully natural and didn’t depend on any types of chemicals. Agriculture is as old as the Indian culture. Bhagavad-Gita, Rig Veda and Athrva Veda contains very specific details on agriculture like crop, cultivation, manuring, classification of herbs and different varieties of plants.
Bhagavad-Gita, the timeless Vedic wisdom revered throughout India, delineates the concepts of Vedic agriculture. Food grains and vegetables are the source of sustenance for human beings.
According to the principles of Vedic economics, one is considered to be a rich man by the strength of his store of grains and cows. With only these two things – cows and grain, the humanity can address the issues of food security. Indian indigenous cow was worshiped in India since ancient times, due to many scientific reasons.
There is a Suryaketu nerve on the back of desi cow, it is believed that Suryaketu nerve absorbs medicinal essences from atmosphere and makes milk, urine and cow dung more nourishing. So, when this urine and cow dung is used along with the seeds it can turn our soil into gold. As it contains micro -organisms which can balance the nutrients present in soil for the essential growth of seeds.
Agriculture was the major economic force of India and almost every major Indian festival was related to agriculture activity. Unlike the modern techniques that are being used today all over the world, in ancient times Indians used to perform yagnas or homas before farming which helped them to yield more crops. One of the best example of this is the farming using Agnihotra. The Agnihotra based farming can bring revolutionary changes to the modern farming techniques.
If a person goes through all the literature of ancient India then it can be easily found that the Rishis of India were the actual scientist who did immense amount of research and were able to decode various natural processes and develop theories. Spiritual and social life is two sides of the same coin. Inspired by these theories and techniques, Agnihotra based farming is being carried out even in today’s modern world.
In the Vedic times, for the timely occurrence of rains that nourish the crops, people would perform fire sacrifices mentioned in the scriptures and pleased the controlling deity of rains. And the main ingredients of such a sacrifice are ghee and firewood, which are provided by Mother Cow and Mother Nature respectively. Thus, a mutual cooperation between the man and the nature existed.
Soil is formed from the earth crust containing all the elements existing in nature. These two or more elements combine together to form minerals .Further, two or more minerals unite together to form a hard mass known as rock. These rocks are further exposed to various physical agencies and disintegrated. Then the disintegrated material is decomposed by various chemical agencies. The disintegrated and decomposed mass is then acted upon by soil forming factors and processes which results in to differentiation of soil in different horizons. Thus the soil is a natural body developed by natural forces acting upon natural material usually differentiated in to different horizons from minerals and organic constituent of variable depth which differs from the parent material below, in morphology, physical properties and constituents, chemical properties and composition and biological characteristics.
Thus, the soil basically contains the minerals which are formed from different elements. All the108 elements are present in soil. Out of total elements,8 elements namely oxygen(46%), silicon(27%), aluminum (8%), iron(5%), calcium(4%), magnesium(2%), sodium(3%), potassium(8%) are present up to 98.5%.While remaining other elements are present to the tune of 1.5%.
Apart from these elements, soil also contains tremendous population of microorganisms. Therefore, so many biological and biochemical processes occur in soil continuously. Out of the total elements present in soil, 18 elements are essential for growth and completion of life cycle of the plant. Therefore, these are called as essential elements. These are required by the plant in varying amount. Thus, on the basis of their requirement, the essential elements are classified into following groups.
Atmospheric air contains 79% nitrogen and it is the main source for plant. When the C:N ratio of organic matter is 20:1 or below, the nitrogen enclosed in the organic matter becomes available for the plants. Indian local earthworms maintain this C:N ratio very well. It is estimated that 1000 earthworms do the work per day equivalent to one pair of bullocks. If we add Jivamrut (mixture of cow dung and cow urine in water) in the soil with irrigation water and mulch the soil, about 1.5 lakhs earthworms become active. These earthworms work in one day in one acre equivalent to 150 pairs of bullocks, that 300 bullocks/acre. In the villages, the rent of one bullock pair for working is about Rs.300/-per day. That means earthworms do the work valued Rs.45000/-per day per acre or Rs.13, 50,000/acre per month and make the nitrogen available for the plants. Apart from this different kinds of micro-organisms fix the atmospheric nitrogen in soil and made available to plants. If we follow the natural farming, tremendous amount of atmospheric nitrogen is fixed in soil as given below.
|Sl. No||Agency||N fixed(kg)/acre|
|1||Leguminous pulses inter crops||50|
|2||By lightening and pre-monsoon clouds||34|
|3||Blue green algae, azola, anabena||22|
|4||Decomposition of plant residue, grasses and shrubs||85|
|5||Decomposition of dead bodies of earthworms||91|
|6||Decomposition of earthworm casting 126||126|
|7||Decomposition of dried biomass of micro-organisms||31|
|8||Nitrogen fixation by acetobacter and hebaspirillum microbes||84|
|9||Nitrogen fixation by acetobacter and hebaspirillum microbes||32|
|10||Nitrogen fixation Azospirillum||60|
|11||Nitrogen fixation by Frankia microbes||33|
|12||Nitrogen fixation by Chlostridium microbes||26|
|13||Nitrogen fixation by Biejereinkia microbes||42|
|14||Nitrogen fixation by Acromobacter, Aerobacter, Pseudomonas, Radiobacter||18|
|15||Decomposing fungus and bacterial Nitrogen fixation||24|
|16||Nitrogen fixation by Actimomycetes||26|
|17||Asymbiotic bacterial N fixation||34|
|18||Protozoan activity increase N stock||22|
|19||N availability by capillary movement of water||17|
Thus, under the ideal conditions, each type of bacteria, Fungi etc has the capacity to fix the atmospheric nitrogen as mentioned in the table above. Actually all this nitrogen is not utilized by the crops or vegetation. Rest of the nitrogen is returned to the atmosphere with the de nitrification process by denitrifying bacteria. What is the actual need, only that quantity is taken by the plants? Excess quantity is returned back, from where it is lifted. This is miracle in nature.
Basically phosphate is not limited factor in the soil. There is abundant phosphate in the soil, however it is not in available form. It is present in di calcium phosphate and tri calcium phosphate form, which are not soluble in water and hence not available for plant. There are some microbes in the soil. They convert the di and tri calcium phosphate into calcium phosphate i.e. available form. When the pH value of soil is near neutral (about7.0), the phosphate in the soil is in available form and it is readily absorbed by the plant roots. The phosphate solubilizing microbes in the soil are as follows.
It is also abundantly present in soil however, it is in unavailable form. When jivamrut is added in this soil, the bacteria Bacillus siliceous present in jivamrut will multiply in soil and by the treatment of acid, potash is released in available form. In this conversation process some microbes as azotobactor, aspergillius help to the bacillus siliceous. During decomposition of dead bodies of vegetarian, animals and microbes, potash is released in available form. If you use jivamrut twice a month and continuously covered the soil with straw mulching on the soil, all the elemental nutrient including sulphur and micronutrients as iron, manganese, zinc, boron , copper, molybdenum and chlorine are made available for the growth of the plants.
This will help us grow the vigorous, healthy crop with sustainable crop production from healthy soil. Thus we have to remember that only healthy soil will produce, healthy, chemical free and non-polluted good quality food that will help the human being to be healthy. This subsequently will bring the prosperity to the nation.
C-49, Shriddha puri, Phase-2, Kankaekhera, Meerut (U.P.)
Tel : +(91) 7417 0764 17 , +(91) 000 0000 000
Fax : +(91) 000 0000 000
Contact Name : Dr. Ashwani Kumar